The MCA building was originally constructed in 1866 by the local efforts of a few Baptist members determined to revive the depleted congregation. Their efforts in rallying a local contingent were successful and the church was erected in 1866; a Greek Revival Hall situated at the apex of the Town's primary intersection as a totem of Main Street overlooking the downtown. It thrived as a church for the remainder of the century and well into the next. By the 1990's the congregation was minimal and the church disbanded. The building was then handed down through several incantations of community organizations attempting to maintain and/or develop it, until its current manifestation as the Montgomery Center for the Arts, a nonprofit aiming to preserve the iconic structure and keep it open to the public as a community creative programming and event space.
The MCA building is recognized as a Historic Landmark Building by the National Parks Registry.